Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and its management
Keywords: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, adult ADHD, comorbidity, psychotherapy, behavioural interventions
AbstractAttention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a psychiatric condition that is increasingly recognised to occur in adulthood and has been associated with several negative outcomes, including depression, substance abuse, lower academic attainment, unemployment, and excess mortality. Seventy percent of individuals with adult ADHD never had a childhood diagnosis, making adult ADHD a complex disorder. Unfortunately, many patients suffering from ADHD are either undiagnosed or misdiagnosed while those that have been diagnosed are often stigmatised and do not receive optimal therapy. Diagnosis and treatment are complicated by the presence of comorbid disorders. Early and accurate diagnosis can help improve patient outcomes. Comprehensive care and therapy for patients includes pharmacological management, behavioural interventions and support.
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