Opioid analgesics – a 2018 update
Keywords: Pain, opioid, morphine, codeine, oxycodone, hydromorphone, buprenorphine, pain ladder, tapentadol
AbstractThe opioid analgesic drugs constitute one of the most important groups of pharmacotherapeutic agents in the clinical practice setting. They are vital to pain management, especially moderate to severe cancer and visceral pain, in a myriad of healthcare settings. The key to optimal pain management is the ability to effectively manage patients to ensure optimal pain relief, whilst also minimising or managing the side-effects of their pain medication. This necessitates effective collaboration between all the healthcare professionals managing the patient. This article provides an updated overview of the opioid analgesics, and their usefulness in clinical practice.
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